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Microsoft Visual C#:
Introduction to Printing

 

The Print Dialog Box

 

Introduction to Printing

Besides saving or opening files, another operation users perform on a document consists of printing it. Printing is the ability to render, on paper, the result of a document or the contents of various controls. This is performed using an external device called a printer peripheral or simply a printer. To do this, users need access to a printer device.

There are two main ways users print a document. They can ask the application they are using to send the document directly to a printer or they can use a dialog box to decide how the printing should be done.

 

Practical LearningPractical Learning: Introducing Printing

  1. Start Microsoft Visual C#
  2. Create a new Windows Application named CollegeParkAutoRepair1
  3. In the Solution Explorer, right-click Form1.cs and click Rename
  4. Type Exercise.cs and press Enter
  5. From the Menus & Toolbars section of the Toolbox, click MenuStrip and click the form
  6. Design the menu items as follows:
     
    MenuItem DropDownItems
    Text Name Text Name Image Shortcut
    &File mnuFile &New Repair Order mnuFileNew new.ico Ctrl+N
        &Open Existing Order... mnuFileOpen open.ico Ctrl+O
        &Save Current Order mnuFileSave save.ico Ctrl+S
        Separator      
        &Print mnuFilePrint printer.ico Ctrl+P
        Separator      
        E&xit mnuFileExit    
  7. Design the form as follows:
     
    College Park Auto-Repair
    Control Name Text Other Properties
    Group   Order Identification  
    Label   Customer Name:  
    TextBox txtCustomerName    
    Label   Address  
    TextBox txtAddress    
    Label   City:  
    TextBox txtCity    
    Label   State:  
    TextBox txtState    
    Label   ZIP Code:  
    TextBox txtZIPCode   TextAlign: Right
    Label   Make / Model:  
    TextBox txtMake    
    TextBox txtModel    
    Label   Year:  
    TextBox txtCarYear   TextAlign: Right
    Label   Problem Description:  
    TextBox txtProblem    
    GroupBox   Parts Used  
    Label   Part Name  
    Label   Unit Price  
    Label   Qty  
    Label   Sub Total  
    TextBox txtPartName1    
    TextBox txtUnitPrice1 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    TextBox txtQuantity1 0 TextAlign: Right
    TextBox txtSubTotal1 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    Enabled: False
    TextBox txtPartName2    
    TextBox txtUnitPrice2 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    TextBox txtQuantity2 0 TextAlign: Right
    TextBox txtSubTotal2 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    Enabled: False
    TextBox txtPartName3    
    TextBox txtUnitPrice3 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    TextBox txtQuantity3 0 TextAlign: Right
    TextBox txtSubTotal3 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    Enabled: False
    TextBox txtPartName4    
    TextBox txtUnitPrice4 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    TextBox txtQuantity4 0 TextAlign: Right
    TextBox txtSubTotal4 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    Enabled: False
    TextBox txtPartName5    
    TextBox txtUnitPrice5 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    TextBox txtQuantity5 0 TextAlign: Right
    TextBox txtSubTotal5 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    Enabled: False
    GroupBox   Jobs Performed  
    Label   Price  
    TextBox txtJobPerformed1    
    TextBox txtJobPrice1 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    TextBox txtJobPerformed2    
    TextBox txtJobPrice2 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    TextBox txtJobPerformed3    
    TextBox txtJobPrice3 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    TextBox txtJobPerformed4    
    TextBox txtJobPrice4 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    TextBox txtJobPerformed5    
    TextBox txtJobPrice5 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    GroupBox   Order Summary  
    Label   Total Parts:  
    TextBox txtTotalParts 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    Label   Total Labor:  
    TextBox txtTotalLabor 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    Label   Tax Rate:  
    TextBox txtTaxRate 7.75 TextAlign: Right
    Label   %  
    Label   Tax Amount:  
    TextBox txtTaxAmount 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    Label   Total Order:  
    TextBox txtTotalOrder 0.00 TextAlign: Right
    Label   Recommendations  
    TextBox txtRecommendations   Multiline: True
    ScrollBars: Vertical
  8. Right-click the form and click View Code
  9. Create a method named Calculate as follows:
      
    using System;
    using System.Collections.Generic;
    using System.ComponentModel;
    using System.Data;
    using System.Drawing;
    using System.Linq;
    using System.Text;
    using System.Windows.Forms;
    
    namespace CollegeParkAutoRepair1
    {
        public partial class Exercise : Form
        {
            public Exercise()
            {
                InitializeComponent();
            }
            
            void Calculate()
            {
                double part1UnitPrice = 0.00, part2UnitPrice = 0.00,
                       part3UnitPrice = 0.00, part4UnitPrice = 0.00,
                       part5UnitPrice = 0.00;
                double part1SubTotal, part2SubTotal, part3SubTotal,
                       part4SubTotal, part5SubTotal, totalParts;
                int part1Quantity = 0, part2Quantity = 0, part3Quantity = 0,
                       part4Quantity = 0, part5Quantity = 0;
                double job1Price = 0.00, job2Price = 0.00, job3Price = 0.00,
                       job4Price = 0.00, job5Price = 0.00;
                double totalLabor;
                double taxRate = 0.00, taxAmount, totalOrder;
    
                // Don't charge a part unless it is clearly identified
                if (txtPartName1.Text == "")
                {
                    txtUnitPrice1.Text = "0.00";
                    txtQuantity1.Text = "0";
                    txtSubTotal1.Text = "0.00";
                    part1UnitPrice = 0.00;
                }
                else
                {
                    try
                    {
                        part1UnitPrice = double.Parse(txtUnitPrice1.Text);
                    }
                    catch (FormatException)
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Invalid Unit Price");
                        txtUnitPrice1.Text = "0.00";
                        txtUnitPrice1.Focus();
                    }
    
                    try
                    {
                        part1Quantity = int.Parse(txtQuantity1.Text);
                    }
                    catch (FormatException)
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Invalid Quantity");
                        txtQuantity1.Text = "0";
                        txtQuantity1.Focus();
                    }
                }
    
                if (this.txtPartName2.Text == "" )
                {
                    txtUnitPrice2.Text = "0.00";
                    txtQuantity2.Text = "0";
                    txtSubTotal2.Text = "0.00";
                    part2UnitPrice = 0.00;
                }
                else
                {
                    try
                    {
                        part2UnitPrice = double.Parse(txtUnitPrice2.Text);
                    }
                    catch (FormatException)
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Invalid Unit Price");
                        this.txtUnitPrice2.Text = "0.00";
                        this.txtUnitPrice2.Focus();
                    }
    
                    try
                    {
                        part2Quantity = int.Parse(txtQuantity2.Text);
                    }
                    catch (FormatException)
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Invalid Quantity");
                        txtQuantity2.Text = "0";
                        txtQuantity2.Focus();
                    }
                }
    
                if (txtPartName3.Text == "" )
                {
                    txtUnitPrice3.Text = "0.00";
                    txtQuantity3.Text = "0";
                    txtSubTotal3.Text = "0.00";
                    part3UnitPrice = 0.00;
                }
                else
                {
                    try
                    {
                        part3UnitPrice = double.Parse(txtUnitPrice3.Text);
                    }
                    catch (FormatException)
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Invalid Unit Price");
                        txtUnitPrice3.Text = "0.00";
                        txtUnitPrice3.Focus();
                    }
    
                    try
                    {
                        part3Quantity = int.Parse(txtQuantity3.Text);
                    }
                    catch (FormatException)
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Invalid Quantity");
                        txtQuantity3.Text = "0";
                        txtQuantity3.Focus();
                    }
                }
    
                if (txtPartName4.Text == "" )
                {
                    txtUnitPrice4.Text = "0.00";
                    txtQuantity4.Text = "0";
                    txtSubTotal4.Text = "0.00";
                    part4UnitPrice = 0.00;
                }
                else
                {
                    try
                    {
                        part4UnitPrice = double.Parse(txtUnitPrice4.Text);
                    }
                    catch (FormatException)
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Invalid Unit Price");
                        txtUnitPrice4.Text = "0.00";
                        txtUnitPrice4.Focus();
                    }
    
                    try
                    {
                        part4Quantity = int.Parse(txtQuantity4.Text);
                    }
                    catch (FormatException)
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Invalid Quantity");
                        txtQuantity4.Text = "0";
                        txtQuantity4.Focus();
                    }
                }
    
                if (txtPartName5.Text == "" )
                {
                    txtUnitPrice5.Text = "0.00";
                    txtQuantity5.Text = "0";
                    txtSubTotal5.Text = "0.00";
                    part5UnitPrice = 0.00;
                }
                else
                {
                    try
                    {
                        part5UnitPrice = double.Parse(txtUnitPrice5.Text);
                    }
                    catch (FormatException)
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Invalid Unit Price");
                        txtUnitPrice5.Text = "0.00";
                        txtUnitPrice5.Focus();
                    }
    
                    try
                    {
                        part5Quantity = int.Parse(txtQuantity5.Text);
                    }
                    catch (FormatException)
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Invalid Quantity");
                        txtQuantity5.Text = "0";
                        txtQuantity5.Focus();
                    }
                }
    
                // Don't bill the customer for a job that is not specified
                if (txtJobDescription1.Text == "")
                {
                    txtJobPrice1.Text = "0.00";
                    job1Price = 0.00;
                }
                else
                {
                    try
                    {
                        job1Price = double.Parse(txtJobPrice1.Text);
                    }
                    catch (FormatException)
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Invalid Job Price");
                        txtJobPrice1.Text = "0.00";
                        txtJobPrice1.Focus();
                    }
                }
    
                if (txtJobDescription2.Text == "")
                {
                    txtJobPrice2.Text = "0.00";
                    job2Price = 0.00;
                }
                else
                {
                    try
                    {
                        job2Price = double.Parse(txtJobPrice2.Text);
                    }
                    catch (FormatException)
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Invalid Job Price");
                        txtJobPrice2.Text = "0.00";
                        txtJobPrice2.Focus();
                    }
                }
    
                if (txtJobDescription3.Text == "")
                {
                    txtJobPrice3.Text = "0.00";
                    job3Price = 0.00;
                }
                else
                {
                    try
                    {
                        job3Price = double.Parse(txtJobPrice3.Text);
                    }
                    catch (FormatException)
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Invalid Job Price");
                        txtJobPrice3.Text = "0.00";
                        txtJobPrice3.Focus();
                    }
                }
    
                if (txtJobDescription4.Text == "")
                {
                    txtJobPrice4.Text = "0.00";
                    job4Price = 0.00;
                }
                else
                {
                    try
                    {
                        job4Price = double.Parse(txtJobPrice4.Text);
                    }
                    catch (FormatException)
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Invalid Job Price");
                        txtJobPrice4.Text = "0.00";
                        txtJobPrice4.Focus();
                    }
                }
    
                if (txtJobDescription5.Text == "")
                {
                    txtJobPrice5.Text = "0.00";
                    job5Price = 0.00;
                }
                else
                {
                    try
                    {
                        job5Price = double.Parse(txtJobPrice5.Text);
                    }
                    catch (FormatException)
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Invalid Job Price");
                        txtJobPrice5.Text = "0.00";
                        txtJobPrice5.Focus();
                    }
                }
    
                part1SubTotal = part1UnitPrice * part1Quantity;
                part2SubTotal = part2UnitPrice * part2Quantity;
                part3SubTotal = part3UnitPrice * part3Quantity;
                part4SubTotal = part4UnitPrice * part4Quantity;
                part5SubTotal = part5UnitPrice * part5Quantity;
    
                txtSubTotal1.Text = part1SubTotal.ToString("F");
                txtSubTotal2.Text = part2SubTotal.ToString("F");
                txtSubTotal3.Text = part3SubTotal.ToString("F");
                txtSubTotal4.Text = part4SubTotal.ToString("F");
                txtSubTotal5.Text = part5SubTotal.ToString("F");
    
                totalParts = part1SubTotal + part2SubTotal + part3SubTotal +
                        part4SubTotal + part5SubTotal;
    
                totalLabor = job1Price + job2Price + job3Price +
                                job4Price + job5Price;
    
                try
                {
                    taxRate = double.Parse(txtTaxRate.Text);
                }
                catch (FormatException)
                {
                    MessageBox.Show("Invalid Tax Rate");
                    txtTaxRate.Text = "7.75";
                    txtTaxRate.Focus();
                }
    
                double totalPartsAndLabor = totalParts + totalLabor;
                taxAmount = totalPartsAndLabor * taxRate / 100;
                totalOrder = totalPartsAndLabor + taxAmount;
    
                txtTotalParts.Text = totalParts.ToString("F");
                txtTotalLabor.Text = totalLabor.ToString("F");
                txtTaxAmount.Text = taxAmount.ToString("F");
                txtTotalOrder.Text = totalOrder.ToString("F");
            }
        }
    }
  10. Return to the form
  11. On the form, click File and double-click New Repair Order
  12. Implement its Click event as follows:
     
    private void mnuFileNew_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
                this.txtCustomerName.Text = "";
                this.txtAddress.Text = "";
                this.txtCity.Text = "";
                this.txtState.Text = "";
                this.txtZIPCode.Text = "";
                this.txtMake.Text = "";
                this.txtModel.Text = "";
                this.txtCarYear.Text = "";
                this.txtProblem.Text = "";
    
                this.txtPartName1.Text = "";
                this.txtUnitPrice1.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtQuantity1.Text = "0";
                this.txtSubTotal1.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtPartName2.Text = "";
                this.txtUnitPrice2.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtQuantity2.Text = "0";
                this.txtSubTotal2.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtPartName3.Text = "";
                this.txtUnitPrice3.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtQuantity3.Text = "0";
                this.txtSubTotal3.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtPartName4.Text = "";
                this.txtUnitPrice4.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtQuantity4.Text = "0";
                this.txtSubTotal4.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtPartName5.Text = "";
                this.txtUnitPrice5.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtQuantity5.Text = "0";
                this.txtSubTotal5.Text = "0.00";
    
                this.txtJobDescription1.Text = "";
                this.txtJobPrice1.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtJobDescription2.Text = "";
                this.txtJobPrice2.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtJobDescription3.Text = "";
                this.txtJobPrice3.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtJobDescription4.Text = "";
                this.txtJobPrice4.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtJobDescription5.Text = "";
                this.txtJobPrice5.Text = "0.00";
    
                this.txtTotalParts.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtTotalLabor.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtTaxRate.Text = "7.75";
                this.txtTaxAmount.Text = "0.00";
                this.txtTotalOrder.Text = "0.00";
    
                this.txtRecommendations.Text = "";
                this.txtCustomerName.Focus();
    }
  13. Return to the form
  14. Click the first text box under Unit Price
  15. In the Properties window, click the Events button and double-click Leave
  16. In the same way, generate the Leave event of the other unit prices, the quantities, and the job prices text box
  17. Call the Calculate() method for each:
     
    private void txtUnitPrice1_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
            Calculate();
    }
    
    private void txtUnitPrice2_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
            Calculate();
    }
    
    private void txtUnitPrice3_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
            Calculate();
    }
    
    private void txtUnitPrice4_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
            Calculate();
    }
    
            private void txtUnitPrice5_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
            {
                Calculate();
            }
    
            private void txtQuantity1_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
            {
                Calculate();
            }
    
            private void txtQuantity2_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
            {
                Calculate();
            }
    
            private void txtQuantity3_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
            {
                Calculate();
            }
    
            private void txtQuantity4_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
            {
                Calculate();
            }
    
            private void txtQuantity5_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
            {
                Calculate();
            }
    
            private void txtJobPrice1_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
            {
                Calculate();
            }
    
            private void txtJobPrice2_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
            {
                Calculate();
            }
    
            private void txtJobPrice3_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
            {
                Calculate();
            }
    
            private void txtJobPrice4_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
            {
                Calculate();
            }
    
            private void txtJobPrice5_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
            {
                Calculate();
            }
  18. Return to the form
  19. From the Dialogs section of the Toolbox, click OpenFileDialog and click the form
  20. Change its properties as follows:
    Title: Open Existing Repair Order
    DefaultExt: rpr
    Filter: Repair Orders (*.rpr)|*.rpr|All Files|
    Name: dlgOpen
  21. From the Dialogs section of the Toolbox, click SaveFileDialog and click the form
  22. Change its properties as follows:
    Title: Save Current Repair Order
    DefaultExt: rpr
    Filter: Repair Orders (*.rpr)|*.rpr|All Files|
    Name: dlgSave
  23. On the form, click File and double-click Open Existing Order
  24. In the top section of the file, type the following:
     
    using System;
    using System.ComponentModel;
    using System.Collections;
    using System.Windows.Forms;
    using System.Data;
    using System.Drawing;
    using System.Linq;
    using System.IO;
  25. Implement its Click event as follows:
     
    private void mnuFileOpen_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
            dlgOpen.InitialDirectory = @"C:\College Park Auto Repair";
    
            if (dlgOpen.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
            {
                    FileStream fleCPAR = new FileStream(this.dlgOpen.FileName,
                           FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read, FileShare.Read);
                    BinaryReader bnrCPAR = new BinaryReader(fleCPAR);
    
                    this.txtCustomerName.Text = bnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtAddress.Text = bnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtCity.Text = bnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtState.Text = bnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtZIPCode.Text = bnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtMake.Text = bnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtModel.Text = bnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtCarYear.Text = bnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtProblem.Text = bnrCPAR.ReadString();
    
                    this.txtPartName1.Text = bnrCPAR .ReadString();
                    this.txtUnitPrice1.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtQuantity1.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtSubTotal1.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtPartName2.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtUnitPrice2.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtQuantity2.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtSubTotal2.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtPartName3.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtUnitPrice3.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtQuantity3.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtSubTotal3.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtPartName4.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtUnitPrice4.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtQuantity4.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtSubTotal4.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtPartName5.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtUnitPrice5.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtQuantity5.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
    
                    this.txtSubTotal5.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtJobDescription1.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtJobPrice1.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtJobDescription2.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtJobPrice2.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtJobDescription3.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtJobPrice3.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtJobDescription4.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtJobPrice4.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtJobDescription5.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtJobPrice5.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
    
                    this.txtTotalParts.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtTotalLabor.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtTaxRate.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtTaxAmount.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtTotalOrder.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
                    this.txtRecommendations.Text = bnrbnrCPAR.ReadString();
    
                    bnrCPAR.Close();
                    fleCPAR.Close();
            }
    }
  26. Return to the form
  27. On the form, click File and double-click Save Current Order
  28. Implement the event as follows:
     
    private void mnuFileSave_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Just in case, calculate the order now
        Calculate();
        // This number will be used to incrementally create the files by their names
        int incremental = 1000;
        // Check the above folder. If it exists, don't create it
        //                         If it doesn't exist, then create it
        string strDirectory = @"C:\College Park Auto Repair";
        DirectoryInfo dirInfo = Directory.CreateDirectory(strDirectory);
    
        // Get the list of files, if any, from the above folder
        FileInfo[] fleList = dirInfo.GetFiles();
    
        // If there is no file in the directory, 
        // then get ready to create the first file
        if (fleList.Length == 0)
        {
            // Get ready to display it in the Save dialog box
            dlgSave.FileName = incremental.ToString() + ".rpr";
        }
        else // If there was at least one file in the directory
        {
            // Get a reference to the last file
            FileInfo fleLast = fleList[fleList.Length - 1];
            // Get the name of the last file without its extension
            string fwe = Path.GetFileNameWithoutExtension(fleLast.FullName);
                    // Increment the name of the file by 1
                    incremental = int.Parse(fwe) + 1;
                    // Get ready to display it in the Save dialog box
                    dlgSave.FileName = incremental.ToString() + ".rpr";
        }
    
        // For convenience, display the Save dialog box in the directory
        // created above
        dlgSave.InitialDirectory = dirInfo.FullName;
    
        // Find out if the user clicked OK after displaying the Save dialog box
        if (dlgSave.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
        {
                    // Create a new file using the name of the Save dialog box
                    FileStream fleCPAR = new FileStream(dlgSave.FileName,
                               FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write, FileShare.Write);
                    BinaryWriter bnrCPAR = new BinaryWriter(fleCPAR);
    
                    // Write each value in the file
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtCustomerName.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtAddress.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtCity.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtState.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtZIPCode.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtMake.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtModel.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtCarYear.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtProblem.Text);
    
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtPartName1.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtUnitPrice1.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtQuantity1.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtSubTotal1.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtPartName2.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtUnitPrice2.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtQuantity2.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtSubTotal2.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtPartName3.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtUnitPrice3.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtQuantity3.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtSubTotal3.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtPartName4.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtUnitPrice4.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtQuantity4.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtSubTotal4.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtPartName5.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtUnitPrice5.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtQuantity5.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtSubTotal5.Text);
    
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtJobDescription1.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtJobPrice1.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtJobDescription2.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtJobPrice2.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtJobDescription3.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtJobPrice3.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtJobDescription4.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtJobPrice4.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtJobDescription5.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtJobPrice5.Text);
    
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtTotalParts.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtTotalLabor.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtTaxRate.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtTaxAmount.Text);
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtTotalOrder.Text);
    
                    bnrCPAR.Write(this.txtRecommendations.Text);
    
                    bnrCPAR.Close();
                    fleCPAR.Close();
    
                    mnuFileNew_Click(sender, e);
            }
    }
  29. Execute the application to test it
  30. Create a new record. Here is an example:
     
    College Park Auto Repair
  31. On the main menu of the form, click File -> Save Current Order...
  32. Accept the suggested name of the file and click Save
  33. Create another order, calculate it and save it
  34. Try opening a previously saved order
  35. Close the form and return to your programming environment

Introduction to the Print Dialog Box

One of the ways users print consists of sending the document to the printer. To directly send a document to the printer, you need to make sure that the control, whose value needs to be printed, supports printing. To accommodate the users of your application, you can provide a menu item or a button they would click. An example of such a button would be Print . To print, the user can click this button. With this type of printing, when the user decides to print, the whole document would be printed "as is", in color if the document is colored and if the printer supports colors. If there is more than one printer, the computer would use what is known as the default printer.

If you want users to be able to configure or customize the printing process, Microsoft Windows provides a common dialog box called Print. Here is an example:

Print

The Print dialog box allows a user to select a printer if more than one is available. The user can decide either to print the whole document, to print a range of pages, or to print a portion of the document that was previously selected. The user can also decide on the number of copies to print from the document, the range specified, or the selected portion. Furthermore, the user can access the particular characteristics of the selected printer and specify how the printer should perform the job. For example, if the selected printer can print in color and the document is in color but the user wants to print in black and white, he or she can specify this using the Properties button.

Providing a Printer

To provide the users with the ability to customize printing through the Print dialog box, you can add a PrintDialog object PrintDialog from the Dialogs section of the Toolbox to your form. The PrintDialog control is implemented through the PrintDialog class of the System.Windows.Forms namespace. To programmatically create a PrintDialog object, you can declare a variable of type PrinterDialog. Here is an example:

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Exercise : Form
{
    Button btnPrint;

    public Exercise()
    {
        InitializeComponent();
    }

    void InitializeComponent()
    {
        btnPrint  = new Button ();
        btnPrint.Location = new Point(12, 12);
        btnPrint.Text = "&Print...";
        btnPrint.Click += new EventHandler(btnPrintDocument);

        Controls.Add(btnPrint);
    }

    void btnPrintDocument(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        PrintDialog dlgPrint = new PrintDialog();
    }
}

public class Program
{
    static int Main()
    {
        System.Windows.Forms.Application.Run(new Exercise());
        return 0;
    }
}

To present the Print dialog box to the user, you can call its ShowDialog() method.

Practical LearningPractical Learning: Providing a Print Dialog Box

  1. From the Printing section of the Toolbox, click the PrintDialog button PrintDialog and click the form
  2. While the print control is still selected, in the Properties window, change its Name to dlgPrint 

The Printing Process

 

The Document to Print

In order to print, the Print dialog box must be given a document to print. This means that you must first prepare a document prior to printing. To support this, the .NET Framework provides the PrintDocument class that is defined in the System.Drawing.Printing namespace. This class is represented in the Toolbox by the PrintDocument button . Based on this, to prepare a document for printing, you can either add a PrintDocument object to your project or declare a variable of type PrintDocument. Here is an example:

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Drawing.Printing;

public class Exercise : Form
{
    Button btnPrint;

    public Exercise()
    {
        InitializeComponent();
    }

    void InitializeComponent()
    {
        btnPrint  = new Button ();
        btnPrint.Location = new Point(12, 12);
        btnPrint.Text = "&Print...";
        btnPrint.Click += new EventHandler(btnPrintDocument);

        Controls.Add(btnPrint);
    }

    void btnPrintDocument(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        PrintDialog dlgPrint = new PrintDialog();
        PrintDocument docPrint = new PrintDocument();
    }
}

After creating the document to print through a PrintDocument object, you can associate it with a PrintDialog. To support this, the PrintDialog class is equipped with the Document property. To specify the object that would carry the printing, you can assign the PrintDocument object to the PrintDialog.Document property. Here is an example:

System.Void btnPrint_Click(System.Object  sender, System.EventArgs  e)
{
	 PrintDialog       dlgPrint = new PrintDialog;
	 PrintDocument docPrint = new PrintDocument;

	 dlgPrint.Document = docPrint;
	 dlgPrint.ShowDialog();
}

A document to print can be made of only one or many pages. Each page has a number of characteristics. The characteristics of a page are controlled by the PrintDocument.PageSettings property which itself is based on the PageSettings class. The PageSettings class is defined in the System.Drawing.Printing namespace. This class holds the dimensions of the page, the values of the margins applied on the page, the tray that would supply the paper (since some printers have many trays), the printer resolution, whether the page would be printed in color or black and white, whether the page would be printed in Portrait or Landscape orientation, etc. If you don't want to specify these characteristics, you can set the PrintDocument.PageSettings property to DefaultPageSettings.

If you know the name of the document to be printed, you can assign it to the PrintDocument.DocumentName property. Here is an example:

void btnPrintDocument(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
        PrintDialog dlgPrint = new PrintDialog();
        PrintDocument docPrint = new PrintDocument();

        dlgPrint.Document = docPrint;
        dlgPrint.ShowDialog();
}

To actually print the document, you can call the PrintDocument.Print() method. Its syntax is:

public void Print();

Practical LearningPractical Learning: Providing the Document to Print

  1. From the Printing section of the Toolbox, click the PrintDocument button PrintDocument and click the form
  2. While the print document control is still selected, in the Properties window, change its name to docPrint
  3. Under the form, click dlgPrint
  4. In the Properties window, click Document and select docPrint

Events Related to Printing

When the PrintDocument.Print() method is called, the printing process would start by firing the BeginPrint event but this event occurs before the first page is printed. The BeginPrint event is of type PrintEventArgs which does not hold any particular information, especially for the BeginPrint event. This event allows you to take some early actions, if necessary, before the printer receives the job.

Once the printer is ready, the application would then need to know what needs to be printed on the paper. At this time, the PrintPage event is fired. The PrintPage event is of type PrintPageEventArgs. The PrintPageEventArgs class allows you to fully customize the page of the document to be printed. For example, it is equipped with a Graphics property that allows you to "draw" anything you want on the paper. The PrintPageEventArgs class also allows you to get the location and dimensions of the area to be printed. This is represented by the PageBounds property, which produces a Rectangle object.

Once the PrintDocument object is ready, you must pass it to the Print dialog box. To do that, assign the name of the PrintDocument variable to the PrintDialog.Document property.

Practical LearningPractical Learning: Printing a Document

  1. On the bar under the form, double-click docPrint to generate its default event
  2. Implement the PrintPage event as follows:
     
    private void docPrint_PrintPage(object sender,
                System.Drawing.Printing.PrintPageEventArgs e)
    {
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 2), 60, 90, 680, 90);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 60, 93, 680, 93);
    
                string strDisplay = "College Park Auto Repair";
                System.Drawing.Font fntString = new Font("Times New Roman", 28,
                    FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(strDisplay, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 160, 100);
    
                strDisplay = "Customer Car Repair Order";
                fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 18,
                    FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(strDisplay, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 220, 150);
    
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 60, 184, 680, 184);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 2), 60, 187, 680, 187);
    
                fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 12,
                    FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Order Identification", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 80, 200);
    
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 250, 640, 250);
    
                fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 10,
                    FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Customer Name:", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 100, 260);
                fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 10,
                    FontStyle.Regular);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtCustomerName.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 260, 260); ;
    
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 280, 640, 280);
    
                fntString = new Font("Times New Roman", 10, FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Address:", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 100, 290);
                fntString = new Font("Times New Roman", 10, FontStyle.Regular);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtAddress.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 260, 290); ;
    
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 310, 640, 310);
    
                fntString = new Font("Times New Roman", 10, FontStyle.Regular);
                string strAddress = txtCity.Text.ToString() + ", " +
                                    txtState.Text + " " + txtZIPCode.Text;
                e.Graphics.DrawString(strAddress, fntString, 
    				  Brushes.Black, 260, 320);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 340, 640, 340);
    
                fntString = new Font("Times New Roman", 10, FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Car:", fntString, Brushes.Black, 100, 350);
                fntString = new Font("Times New Roman", 10, FontStyle.Regular);
                string strCar = txtMake.Text + ", " + txtModel.Text +
                                ", " + txtCarYear.Text;
                e.Graphics.DrawString(strCar, fntString, Brushes.Black, 260, 350);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 370, 640, 370);
    
                fntString = new Font("Times New Roman", 10, FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Problem Description:", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 100, 380);
                fntString = new Font("Times New Roman", 10, FontStyle.Regular);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtProblem.Text, fntString,
                                      Brushes.Black,
                                      new RectangleF(260, 380, 420, 380));
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 400, 640, 400);
    
        fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 12, FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Parts Used", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 80, 430);
    
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 2), 80, 450, 680, 450);
    
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Parts Name", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 100, 460);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Unit Price", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 420, 460);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Qty", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 520, 460);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Sub-Total", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 562, 460);
    
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 480, 640, 480);
    
                fntString = new Font("Times New Roman", 10, FontStyle.Regular);
                StringFormat fmtString = new StringFormat();
                fmtString.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far;
    
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtPartName1.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 100, 490);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtUnitPrice1.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 480, 490, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtQuantity1.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 540, 490, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtSubTotal1.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 630, 490, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1),
                    100, 510, 640, 510);
    
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtPartName2.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 100, 520);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtUnitPrice2.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 480, 520, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtQuantity2.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 540, 520, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtSubTotal2.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 630, 520, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 540, 640, 540);
    
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtPartName3.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 100, 550);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtUnitPrice3.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 480, 550, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtQuantity3.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 540, 550, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtSubTotal3.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 630, 550, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1),
                    100, 570, 640, 570);
    
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtPartName4.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 100, 580);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtUnitPrice4.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 480, 580, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtQuantity4.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 540, 580, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtSubTotal4.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 630, 580, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 600, 640, 600);
    
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtPartName5.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 100, 610);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtUnitPrice5.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 480, 610, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtQuantity5.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 540, 610, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtSubTotal5.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 630, 610, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 630, 640, 630);
    
                fntString = new Font("Times New Roman", 12, FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Jobs Performed", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 80, 650);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 2), 80, 670, 680, 670);
    
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Job Name", fntString, 
    			Brushes.Black, 100, 680);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Price", fntString, Brushes.Black, 562, 680);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 700, 640, 700);
    
                fntString = new Font("Times New Roman", 10, FontStyle.Regular);
    
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtJobDescription1.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 100, 710);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtJobPrice1.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 600, 710, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 730, 640, 730);
    
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtJobDescription2.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 100, 740);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtJobPrice2.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 600, 740, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 760, 640, 760);
    
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtJobDescription3.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 100, 770);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtJobPrice3.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 600, 770, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 790, 640, 790);
    
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtJobDescription4.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 100, 800);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtJobPrice4.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 600, 800, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 820, 640, 820);
    
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtJobDescription5.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 100, 830);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtJobPrice5.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 600, 830, fmtString);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 1), 100, 850, 640, 850);
    
        fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 12, FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Order Summary", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 80, 870);
                e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Black, 2), 80, 890, 680, 890);
    
        fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 10, FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Total Parts:", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 500, 900);
        fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 10, 
    			FontStyle.Regular);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtTotalParts.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 640, 900, fmtString);
    
        fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 10, FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Total Labor:", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 500, 920);
        fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 10, 
    			FontStyle.Regular);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtTotalLabor.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 640, 920, fmtString);
    
        fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 10, FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Tax Rate:", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 500, 940);
        fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 10, 
    			FontStyle.Regular);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtTaxRate.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 640, 940, fmtString);
    
        fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 10, FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Tax Amount:", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 500, 960);
        fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 10, 
    			FontStyle.Regular);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtTaxAmount.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 640, 960, fmtString);
    
        fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 10, FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Repair Total:", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 500, 980);
        fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 10, 
    			FontStyle.Regular);
                e.Graphics.DrawString(txtTotalOrder.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 640, 980, fmtString);
    
        fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 10, FontStyle.Bold);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Recommendations:", fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, 100, 900);
        fntString = new System.Drawing.Font("Times New Roman", 10, 
    			FontStyle.Regular);
        e.Graphics.DrawString(txtRecommendations.Text, fntString,
                    Brushes.Black, new RectangleF(100, 920, 350, 280));
    }
  3. Return to the form
  4. On the form, click File and double-click Print
  5. Implement its Click event as follows:
     
    private void mnuFilePrint_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
                if ( dlgPrint.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
                {
                    docPrint.Print();
                }
    }
  6. Execute the application and open one of the previously saved orders
  7. On the main menu of the form, click File -> Print and click OK
  8. After using it, close the form and return to your programming environment

The Printer Settings

In the above example, we saw a somewhat simplistic way of making the Print dialog box available to the user. This dialog box offers many options defined as the Printer Settings. To support the various options of a Print dialog box, the PrintDialog class is equipped with a property called PrinterSettings, which itself is defined from the PrinterSettings class, which holds all possible characteristics of a printer.

The first option presented to the user is the name of the printer to be used. Because there can be many printers available to the user, the printers are presented as a combo box:

Print

The available printers may also be presented as a list view:

Print

The Name combo box in the Printer section or the Select Printer list view allows the user to select the printer that will handle the job. If you are writing a universal application and cannot predict what printer(s) the user would have, you would not be concerned with this characteristic. If you are writing an application for a special company or you are creating a particular application and you know for sure what printer should be used to print the current document, then you can specify the printer to use. To do this, assign the (exact) name of the printer to the PrinterSettings.PrinterName property. On the other hand, if for some reason you want to know what printer the user selected to print the document, you can get the value of this PrinterName property.

Under the Name combo box, the labels provide the status of the selected printer (whether it is ready or not), the type of printer (such as its manufacturer), its location (such as where in the building the printer is located; the person who installed the printer or may have provided this printer), and an optional comment (this information is created by the person who installed the printer or it can be changed in the printer's properties).

After selecting the printer, the user can access the properties of that particular printer. Different printers support different options. To configure the printed paper based on the selected printer, the user can click either Properties or Preferences. This opens the Document Properties or the Printing Preferences dialog box. The content of this dialog box (highly) depends on the printer that was selected but some characteristics are shared among printers.

On the lower-right side of the Printer section or of the Select Printer section, there is a check box labeled Print To File. When this check box is checked, the document is transformed into a file rather than being printed. In this case, if the user clicks OK or Print, a dialog box would come up, asking the user to specify the path and a name for the new file that will be created. The appearance of that dialog box depends. Here is an example:

If you want the Print To File check box to be checked, set the PrinterSettings.PrintFoFile Boolean property to true. Its default value is false, which lets the user decide whether to check it or not.

After selecting the printer and deciding whether to physically print or to only create a printed file, the user can click OK.

If the document is made of only one page, it would be printed. If the document contains more than one page, the user may want to print only one page, a range of pages, or all pages. The user can also select a section in the document and print only that section. This decision is made using the Page Range section. This section provides four radio buttons. The first radio button labeled All is selected by default and allows the user to print the whole document. By default, the second radio button is disabled. If the user had selected a section of the document to print, then the second radio button, labeled Selection would be enabled:

This allows the user to still specify whether to print the whole document or only the section that was selected. If the document contains more than one page, the user can navigate to a particular page and decide to print only that page using the Current Page radio button. Again, if the document contains more than one page, the user can specify a range of pages to print. All these options are usually left up to the user. On the other hand, if you want to specify the range of pages to print, you can use the PrinterSettings.FromPage and the ToPage properties. If you want to specify the limits of ranges allowed to the user, use the MinimumPage and the MaximumPage properties.

On the right side of the Page Range section, a spin button allows the user to specify the number of copies to make when printing. If you want to specify this number by default, assign the desired value to the Copies property. If the user (or you) set this number to a value higher than 1, then the printed papers can be collated or not. This is specified using the Collate check box. If you want to programmatically collate the pages or not, change the Boolean value of the Collate property.

 
 

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